A Brief History of the Web (Preview)

Vannevar Bush published an article in Atlantic Monthly about a device called the Memex, which could track links between documents. This article, which you’ll read for this course, is widely credited as an early vision of today’s Web.

Sputnik is launched, and in response, the US military creates the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), which would later create DARPAnet, a precursor to the Internet.

The first message sent across the Internet was transmitted from UCLA to Stanford. The message, “LO,” got through before the system crashed, but was intended to be “LOGIN.”

CompuServe founded and in 1978 is marketed to consumers by Radio Shack. Later online access providers include GEnie, Prodigy and America Online. Such services gained visibility in the 1980s in popular films “War Games” and “Ferris Bueller’s Day Off.”

The first email program was written.

Vint Cerf and Bob Khan coin the term “Internet.”

The USENET newsgroup network was created at the University of North Carolina.

AOL begins life with “Gameline,” an Atari 2600 cartridge that allowed video game dowloads. The first AOL browser was released in 1989.

World Wide Web is created.

Mosaic browser is launched, soon sparking the browser wars between Netscape and Microsoft.

Vice President Al Gore coined the phrase “information superhighway” in speech about the future of communicating via computers over a network.

Internet2, a research collaboration with goverment and university researchers is created to facilitate new technology.

Broadband access overtakes dialup access. Internet Boom creates companies like Google and Yahoo, capitalizing on the emergence of the World Wide Web.

I start teaching this course.

2005 – ?
Web 2.0 ushers in era of user-generated and community focused features on web sites. Mobile browsing is new frontier.

Lesson tags: internet
Back to: Intro to Online Journalism