A Brief History of the Web (Preview)

1945
Vannevar Bush published an article in Atlantic Monthly about a device called the Memex, which could track links between documents. This article, which you’ll read for this course, is widely credited as an early vision of today’s Web.

1957
Sputnik is launched, and in response, the US military creates the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), which would later create DARPAnet, a precursor to the Internet.

1969
The first message sent across the Internet was transmitted from UCLA to Stanford. The message, “LO,” got through before the system crashed, but was intended to be “LOGIN.”

1969
CompuServe founded and in 1978 is marketed to consumers by Radio Shack. Later online access providers include GEnie, Prodigy and America Online. Such services gained visibility in the 1980s in popular films “War Games” and “Ferris Bueller’s Day Off.”

1972
The first email program was written.

1974
Vint Cerf and Bob Khan coin the term “Internet.”

1979
The USENET newsgroup network was created at the University of North Carolina.

1980
AOL begins life with “Gameline,” an Atari 2600 cartridge that allowed video game dowloads. The first AOL browser was released in 1989.

1992
World Wide Web is created.

1993
Mosaic browser is launched, soon sparking the browser wars between Netscape and Microsoft.

1994
Vice President Al Gore coined the phrase “information superhighway” in speech about the future of communicating via computers over a network.

1996
Internet2, a research collaboration with goverment and university researchers is created to facilitate new technology.

2000s
Broadband access overtakes dialup access. Internet Boom creates companies like Google and Yahoo, capitalizing on the emergence of the World Wide Web.

2003
I start teaching this course.

2005 – ?
Web 2.0 ushers in era of user-generated and community focused features on web sites. Mobile browsing is new frontier.

Lesson tags: internet
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